Effects of fruit maturities, coatings, and storage temperatures on the qualities and green-life of cavendish banana
Article history: Received 1 December 2022, Received in revised form 8 December 2022, Accepted 23 January 2023, Available online 25 January 2023
Alamanda Katartika Fahri, Soesiladi Esti Widodo, Sri Waluyo, Zulferiyenni
Cavendish banana is a climacteric fruit with a fast response to ethylene and a very high respiration rate during storage. Previous studies revealed that these characteristics shortened the green-life and fastened fruit damage, affecting the economic value. Therefore, this study aims to examine the effects of fruit maturity levels, coatings, and storage temperatures on the qualities and green-life of Cavendish banana. The result showed that the level of fruit maturity significantly increased the green-life duration, as well as maintained firmness, diameter loss, acidity, and starch content, but it had no effect on weight loss, o Brix, and glucose. Meanwhile, low temperature was able to delay senescence, promote starch degradation, as well as detain firmness and diameter loss. The results also showed that the combined application of maturity levels + temperatures affected all parameters, while maturities + coatings as well as coatings + storage had effects on firmness, acidity, and starch content. The 1% chitosan coating coverage was analyzed with a Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM), which showed fully covered surface of M1 finger rind tip and some crack points on finger rind base. Furthermore, there was full coverage on M2, and some crack points on M3.
Cavendish banana; maturity; coating; storage; temperature