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Chemical hydrolysis of hemicellulose from sugarcane bagasse
A comparison between the classical sulfuric acid method with the acidic ionic liquid 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium hydrogen sulfate

Article history: Received 28 August 2022, Received in revised form 3 October 2022, Accepted 4 October 2022, Available online 4 October 2022 

pages: 34-52


Marcoaurélio Almenara Rodrigues, André M. da Costa Lopes, Rafal M. Lukasik 


Dilute sulfuric acid and acidic ionic liquids are pretreatment methods used to selectively hydrolyze hemicellulose from lignocellulosic biomasses. In this work, a comparison between these techniques is carried out by treating sugarcane bagasse both with 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium hydrogen sulfate at different ionic-liquid and water contents and with H 2 SO 4  at the same conditions and equivalent ionic liquid molar contents. Results from the use of ionic liquid showed that it was possible to tune the biomass treatment either to achieve high hemicellulose hydrolysis yields of 72.5 mol% to very low furan and glucose co-production, or to obtain furfural at moderate yields of 18.7 mol% under conditions of low water concentration. In comparison to the use of ionic liquid, sulfuric acid pretreatment increased hemicellulose hydrolysis yields by 17%, but the 8.6 mol% furfural yield was also higher, and these yields were obtained at high water concentration conditions. Besides, no such tuning ability of the biomass treatment conditions can be made. 

DOI: https://doi.org/10.32933/ActaInnovations.46.3


sugarcane bagasse; acidic ionic liquid; biomass pretreatment; dilute sulfuric acid; pentose; furfural